About the Greek alphabet

The Greek alphabet is a set of twenty-four letters used to write and speak the Greek language and is in use since the end of the 9th century or the beginning of the 8th century BC.

It is considered the oldest alphabet in the world because it was the first to combine vowels and consonants with separate symbols. After all, the alphabet Word derives from alpha and beta, the first two letters of the Greek alphabet.

The 24 letters of the Greek alphabet





The 24 letters of the Greek alphabet are very different from the letters of the Latin alphabet, despite the fact that the Latin alphabet is based on the Greek alphabet. The letters of the Greek alphabet do not correspond directly to a Latin equivalent; Some of them are very singular in their sound and do not sound the same way.

Notable features of the Greek alphabet

The inferior Greek letters resemble Greek capital letters, but some of them are notably different. The gamma letter For example is Γ, γ, while Lambda is λ, λ, my is μ, μ, ni is Ν, Ν and Omega is Ω, ω.

The Greek letter Sigma (S – Σ) has a special form, which is used when it appears at the end of a word. Therefore, you will find three letters for Sigma, which are σ, Σ and Σ (used only at the end of the word)

In Greek accents tones – τόνος are used, which are placed only in lowercase writing and only on the vowel of the accentuated syllable.

The Greek alphabet has many different types of letters with the same sound. If you listen to a word that has some sound like-ee, you have to check your spelling. Can include-η,-I,-υ,-ει,-οι. The same applies to "O", which can be ο – Omicron or Ω – Omega.

Greek letters without Latin equivalent




The Greek alphabet has the letter Δ (Delta) that sounds almost like a th (as in the word "this"), B (Beta) that sounds like V and so on.

The Latin alphabet has some script letters that do not exist in the Greek alphabet, such as B, C, D, G, W, Q and J. W is a consonant in the Latin alphabet, but resembles the Greek letter Ω (Omega) which is a vowel.

Writing in Greek

The ancient Greeks used to write from left to right or from right to left. This phenomenon was known as the Voustrophedon system, in which the text could run from left to right (or vice versa), reach the end of the line and then start a new line from right to left.

Voustrophedon or Boustrophedon is the Greek name for "Return of ox Plow". This system was abandoned in ancient Greece once the alphabet was formed and settled throughout the Greek region, but it can be seen in the inscription of the law of Gotys.

Today the Greek is written from left to right.

The Greek alphabet




You may also be interested in our Santorini Guide
 Letters  Case  Greek name  Spanish
Alpha To
Beta b
Gamma G
Delta D
Epsilon and
Zeta Z
Eta H
Theta Th
Iota I
Kappa K
Lambda L
Mu M
Nu N
Xi X
Omicron Or
Pi P
Rho R
Sigma S
Tau T
Upsilon Or
Phi ph
Chi Ch
Psi ps
Omega Or

It should be taken into account that, as with most languages, the Pronunciation varies by dialect Regional. In the same way that it happens with other languages, many of these Greek sounds can only be produced faithfully by natural and fluent Greek speaking people. There will also be some variation between ancient Greek pronunciation and modern Greek language.

Greek alphabet and Greek letters
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